Hypertension is a common and frequent disease. It usually starts slowly, and patients often have no symptoms in the early stage, or only symptoms such as dizziness, headache, palpitations, tinnitus, etc. On the surface, it appears to be an independent disease, but in fact it is an important risk factor for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal pathologies, which can become more serious complications of hypertension such as stroke, myocardial infarction and renal failure if not treated properly.
The Dangers of Hypertension
Having hypertension and not feeling it does not mean there is no damage. In the early stage of hypertension, some physical symptoms are not easily detected, such as the spasm of fine arteries throughout the body, and as the disease progresses, the fine arteries gradually sclerosis. Medium and large arteries develop intimal lipid deposits, forming atherosclerotic plaques and thrombi. This change, mostly in the coronary arteries, cerebral arteries, renal arteries, so that hypertension does not have symptoms, does not mean no harm, it will slowly destroy the patient’s heart, brain, kidney organs, known as the “invisible killer” health.
Clinical data show that about 50% of young adults with hypertension are asymptomatic, or have occasional dizziness, headaches and other atypical symptoms, many people do not know they have the disease. Not knowing, not paying attention, plus busy work all day and night, taking care of the family, often delayed until the condition out of the deterioration of the medical treatment. But by this time, there is often already damage to heart and kidney function or even stroke and heart attack, leading to disability, death and some other consequences.
Patients who develop symptoms of hypertension tend to be more conscious of seeking help from their doctors and actively treating them. However, patients with asymptomatic hypertension have poor medical compliance even if they know they have hypertension, and do not treat it or do not adhere to it. Patients with asymptomatic hypertension, especially young people, should figure out that the danger of hypertension lies not in the presence or absence of symptoms, but in the fluctuation of blood pressure levels.
If left untreated for a long time, the harm of hypertension will be maximized. Persistently high blood pressure can damage the heart, brain, kidneys and aorta, eventually leading to serious complications such as brain hemorrhage, heart failure and kidney failure, which can seriously affect health and even life. Therefore, hypertensive people recommended in the diet to “coarse tea and light meals”, often eat some coarse food, often drink some free tea, can play a better prevention and treatment effect, while strengthening sports, to learn to regularly measure blood pressure, the best conditions at home with their own sphygmomanometer, pay attention not to measure blood pressure after exercise, this situation is normal blood pressure rise.