StrokeSave The Brain! Doctors Teach You to Recognize The Pre-stroke Signs

Save The Brain! Doctors Teach You to Recognize The Pre-stroke Signs

Currently, stroke is characterized by four high rates: high morbidity, high mortality, high recurrence and high disability, which are extremely harmful to patients and families.

Different types of stroke are treated in different ways. Due to the persistent lack of effective treatment, prevention is currently considered the best measure, and age and gender are not intervenable, but chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, smoking, alcohol consumption, and poor lifestyle are important controllable risk factors for stroke.

Therefore, we must pay attention to the treatment of chronic diseases and healthy living in order to truly prevent and control the occurrence of stroke.

What is a stroke?

Stroke is also known as “stroke” or “cerebrovascular accident“. It is an acute cerebrovascular disease caused by a problem with a blood vessel in the brain, including a sudden rupture that causes bleeding in the brain, or a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the brain and causes cerebral ischemia. Therefore, strokes are broadly divided into hemorrhagic and ischemic. Relatively speaking, the incidence of ischemic is higher than that of hemorrhagic, accounting for 60% to 70% of all strokes.

Doctors Teach You to Recognize The Pre-stroke Signs

Among the common causes, the first uncontrollable factor is age, which is more common in men than women; controllable chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and heart disease (atrial fibrillation) are common, and poor lifestyle habits include smoking and alcohol consumption.

Hemorrhagic stroke is common in patients with hypertensive disease and has a high mortality rate.

What should I do if I have a stroke?

If you have stroke symptoms, please go to the nearest hospital as soon as possible. Only through head CT examination can you clarify whether it is cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral ischemia. If you are suffering from cerebral ischemia, then the acute treatment is closely related to time.

As the name suggests, cerebral ischemia caused by blood vessel blockage, the first thought is to open the blood vessel early to allow blood flow to be reestablished and restore local brain tissue function, but brain cells are very sensitive to the time of ischemia and cannot be reversed once they die.

Therefore, the intravenous thrombolytic therapy and endovascular interventions available to us now clinically are based on time and the salvageability of brain tissue.

Generally speaking, if it can be clear within 4.5 hours when acute ischemic stroke, if there is no contraindication, intravenous thrombolytic therapy can be chosen. If the physician, through further examination, is clear that you have a large blood vessel blockage and there is salvageable brain tissue, then endovascular treatment will follow, and the time of endovascular treatment has now been extended to 24 hours after the onset of the stroke.

If the head CT confirms that it is a brain hemorrhage, the physician will give different treatment options such as conservative medical treatment and surgical treatment depending on the location and amount of your bleeding.

What should I do if I have a stroke?

So, time is brain and time is life!

Once the symptoms of suspected stroke such as crooked mouth, slurred speech, weakness of the arms and legs on the lateral side occur, please make sure to go to the hospital in time to avoid delaying the rescue treatment.

How can I tell if I’ve had a stroke?

How can you tell if you are having a stroke in the first place?

The theme of this year’s World Stroke Day is “Be alert to stroke symptoms, identify and treat them as early as possible”, and the slogan is “B” for every second to save your brain. If you experience any of the following, you should call the emergency number and seek immediate medical attention: sudden difficulty walking, loss of coordination, sudden vision changes, difficulty seeing, crookedness of the face, weakness of the arms or walking, usually on the same side of the body, sudden slurred speech, large tongue, or inability to understand other people’s language.

If you suddenly experience any of these conditions, it is highly suggestive that you may have had a stroke. Do not wait for the symptoms to disappear on their own or for your children to accompany you to the doctor, but call 120 emergency immediately to obtain medical treatment.

Prevent another stroke after you have recovered from a stroke!

Stroke has a high incidence, high disability, high mortality and high recurrence rate. Without standardized prevention after a stroke, the rate of death and disability is even higher in patients who have had another stroke!

Therefore, prevention of recurrence of stroke is very important, including antiplatelet medication, statin medication, anticoagulant medication for patients with atrial fibrillation, management of chronic diseases (including hypertension, diabetes, etc.), and healthy life management (smoking cessation, alcohol cessation, physical exercise, light diet, etc.).

Stroke prevention is a long-term process. Do not stop medication on your own because you are recovering well and you are worried about the side effects of medication. Be sure to follow up regularly at the stroke clinic of the Department of Neurology for regular review and timely adjustment of medication.

However, you should not blindly listen to the rumors of regular annual rehydration, as this is not useful for stroke prevention and may produce other adverse reactions such as allergies.

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