Nowadays, social development has accelerated, and more and more people have no time to take care of their health condition, and always wait until they can’t stand it before going to the hospital. And heart disease patients are the most endangered of these people, and often miss the best time for treatment. So, do you know the most common types of heart disease? Let’s learn more about them.
7 common Heart Diseases
1. Congenital heart disease
Congenital heart disease refers to the abnormal development and growth of the heart and large blood vessels during fetal development, resulting in dysfunction and anatomical abnormalities, as well as abnormal closure of channels in the heart caused by the fetal body’s own developmental disorders after birth. The main causes of congenital heart disease are genetic, environmental, and viral infections during pregnancy. However, with the rapid development of medical technology nowadays, most of the children can recover normal growth and development after timely surgical treatment.
2. Rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease, referred to as rheumatic heart disease, is a disease caused by rheumatic fever activity involving the heart after an upper respiratory tract infection. This type of disease often affects the entire heart, such as the pericardium, myocardium, etc., and can seriously affect the heart valves, resulting in heart valve lesions. Patients with this type of heart disease basically have no obvious symptoms of discomfort at the beginning, but at a later stage they will experience panic, weakness, and even cough up pink foamy sputum.
3. Hypertension heart disease
Long-term poor control of hypertension can cause structural and functional changes in the heart, called hypertensive heart disease. This type of heart disease occurs in patients with long-term hypertension, usually due to long-term improper control of hypertension. These patients often feel suffocated and uncomfortable in the chest, with vague pain, and even weakness and shortness of breath.
4. Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (referred to as coronary heart disease)
Coronary heart disease refers to the heart disease caused by the occlusion or narrowing of the lumen of the coronary arteries due to atherosclerotic lesions, resulting in myocardial ischemia, hypoxia and even necrosis. This type of heart disease is most common in middle-aged and elderly people, hypertensive patients, diabetic patients, excessive smokers and overweight people. The most common major symptom is a sudden sensation of pain in the precordial region, which often has a crushing sensation or colic.
5. Pulmonary heart disease
Pulmonary heart disease (abbreviated as pulmonary heart disease), mainly due to pulmonary artery vessels, bronchial or lung tissue lesions resulting in pulmonary hypertension caused by a class of heart disease. This type of disease is divided into two types: acute and chronic, and chronic is generally more common. The common causes of pulmonary heart disease include bronchial lesions, lung diseases, and thoracic disorders of motion. The main symptom is the patient’s conscious difficulty in breathing, and prolonged coughing, coughing phlegm, these symptoms will be aggravated after the activity exercise.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, resulting in abnormal electrical and mechanical activity of the heart. The main cause of cardiomyopathy is not yet fully determined, but it is related to infection, endocrine and metabolic aspects.
7. Heart tumor
Cardiac tumors are tumors that occur in the heart area and are classified as benign or malignant. Heart tumors are usually secondary heart tumors due to heart disease or heart tumors caused by the metastasis of malignant tumors from other parts of the body. The symptoms of cardiac tumors are more varied and can be easily confused with other heart diseases. According to overseas data, benign tumors account for 3/4 of cardiac tumors, and as long as we pay attention to regular medical checkups, we can prevent them from occurring and treat them in a timely and effective manner.
With the improvement of modern medical technology, all kinds of heart diseases have changed from serious and terminal diseases to controllable and treatable diseases. We can also take some measures to prevent heart disease, such as: appropriate fitness exercise, maintain a happy mood, often do a few deep breathing between work and life (has a good anti-fatigue effect), regular routine, do not stay up late, eat several meals a week as much as possible to increase the intake of fiber, pay attention to weight control (overweight is likely to trigger heart disease), as far as possible to quit smoking (smoking also increases the risk of heart disease). (smoking also increases the risk of heart disease). In addition to these methods, regular medical checkups are also important to prevent heart disease.