How Does H. Pylori Enter The Stomach?
H. pylori is a strong infectious strain, and its main mode of transmission is “fecal-oral transmission” and “oral transmission”. If people do not pay attention to hygiene during meals, do not use public chopsticks, and pinch each other’s food, it is very easy to cause H. pylori infection. In addition, the toilet does not pay attention to good cleaning work, after the toilet does not wash hands, the probability of infection with H. pylori will also be large.
6 Types of People Most H. Pylori “Favor”
1. Often Kissing People
As you can see above, one of the main ways of transmission of H. pylori is “mouth-to-mouth transmission”, if couples often kiss deeply, H. pylori will be unhindered between the two. Therefore, if you have H. pylori infection, it is best to reduce the number of kissing in life to avoid infecting others.
2. Children Under 10 Years Old
According to research, our country’s H. pylori children infected with children under 10 years old is as high as 40% to 60%, and every year is growing sharply! The reason why the data is so exaggerated, mainly related to children’s malnutrition and low immunity. In this regard, parents should encourage children to pay more attention to nutritional supplements, more exercise to enhance physical fitness to avoid infection with H. pylori.
3. No Spicy People
As spicy food down easily stimulate the stomach mucosa, so that the gastrointestinal resistance is reduced, so those who often do not like spicy people are also easy to create opportunities for the invasion of H. pylori. Therefore, in life we should pay attention to a light diet, reduce the intake of spicy stimulating food.
4. Love “Cooked” People
Nowadays, more and more people like to eat raw food, such as Japanese sashimi, sashimi dishes, and even eat steak also emphasizes the “rare”. In fact, often “raw” food, but also to create the conditions for the invasion of H. pylori. Therefore, it is best to eat cooked food, so that the harmful bacteria in the food can be “hot”.
5. Snail people
According to a survey in Shaanxi, H. pylori infection rate and the size of the family housing is negatively correlated, that is, the smaller the size of the house, the greater the chance of infection with H. pylori, especially those living in a crowded home environment of children, because they are weaker resistance, so the chances of infection with H. pylori will also be much greater than adults.
6. People in water pollution areas
H. pylori is extremely viable, it can survive in river water for more than a week, and some can even survive for a year! If in the environment of survival, river water, well water, pond water, etc. has suffered from pollution, then the chances of people who drink sewage infected with H. pylori will also increase.
How Far is Helicobacter Pylori From Stomach Cancer?
Helicobacter pylori is an ancient bacterium rooted in the surface of the human stomach mucosa, and is also recognized by the World Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer as a Group 1 carcinogen.
With the popularization of medical knowledge, many companies have added H. pylori testing to their medical checkup programs, making more and more people aware of this germ. At the same time, many people suffer from “H. pylori panic” – fear of causing stomach cancer, but also fear of being discriminated against by colleagues because of the detection of H. pylori infection.
The study found that H. pylori can induce peptic ulcer, chronic gastritis, serious gastric cancer, gastric MALT lymphoma, but also can cause iron deficiency anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
Experts say that H. pylori is mainly prone to chronic gastritis, and almost all H. pylori infections are accompanied by chronic gastritis. About 15% will develop into gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, etc. for ulcerative diseases, and less than 1% of gastric ulcers may progress to gastric cancer.
At present, it is believed that there are many causative factors for the occurrence of gastric cancer, mainly related to genetic factors, improper diet structure, environmental pollution and viral infection, etc., and H. pylori infection is only one of the causative factors. Clinically, most people do not necessarily have symptoms of H. pylori infection or can clear it on their own by relying on their own immunity, so there is no need to panic too much.
Should H. Pylori Be Eradicated?
H. pylori is easily transmitted between family members and may indicate infection with H. pylori when there is pain in the upper abdomen, bad breath and a significant loss of appetite. If you find traces of H. pylori infection, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible, and the diagnosis can be confirmed by rapid urease test and breath test.
It is understood that there is still some debate in the medical community as to whether H. pylori should be completely eradicated. Some experts believe that H. pylori eradication treatment can significantly reduce the risk of gastric cancer.
However, due to the large population of H. pylori infection in China, there are differences in medical level and drug use in different regions. Therefore, more experts are in support of the fact that the treatment of H. pylori infection should be differentiated according to the patient’s relevant medical history and symptoms.
If the patient is asymptomatic and has no other gastric problems, treatment may not be necessary. When is eradication treatment needed? Chen Huiting, deputy chief physician of the Department of Gastroenterology at Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, said that patients with peptic ulcers, chronic gastritis with dyspepsia, as well as those with gastric MALT lymphoma, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, and unexplained iron deficiency anemia should undergo eradication treatment for H. pylori.
Patients undergoing eradication therapy must adhere to standardized treatment and not stop treatment when symptoms disappear. The eradication of H. pylori infection is recommended by a combination of four drugs, through two types of antibacterial drugs used to kill Hp, along with drugs to inhibit gastric acid secretion, so that H. pylori lose the appropriate living environment, but also with the use of bismuth to avoid antibiotic resistance.
This treatment process usually takes 10-14 days, and you must quit smoking during the medication period, otherwise it will affect the eradication effect. With standardized consultation and treatment, more than 90% can be eradicated. A review is required 4 weeks after the end of the course of treatment. Eradication is judged to be achieved if one of the following three criteria is met.
First indicator: negative 13 C- or 14 C-UBT result.
second indicator: negative HpSA test.
The third indicator: negative RUT from both the sinus and body of the stomach.
6 Ways to Prevent Helicobacter Pylori Infection
Helicobacter pylori is very active and not only lives in the stomach, but also in the saliva. Its main transmission route is oral-oral, whether eating food contaminated with H. pylori, eating around a large hot pot with an infected person, or kissing an infected person, it can cause infection.
The following six methods are recognized worldwide as being effective in preventing H. pylori infection.
1. Use a communal chopstick system or meal sharing for family meals. Traditionally, Chinese families eat their food on a single plate without using communal chopsticks in a communal meal system, which is most likely to cause the spread of H. pylori.
2. When adults feed their children, do not try to eat or even chew with their mouths, or blow cool food before feeding it to children.
3. The home tableware should be disinfected often, tableware can be used to sterilize the cupboard or put in a pot boiling, can be very good to kill H. pylori.
4. Do not drink raw water, do not eat raw food.
5. Wash your hands regularly, especially to remind children to love hand washing, wash your hands carefully.
6. Do not share toiletries with others, toothbrush at least once every 3 months to replace.