How much do you know about the disease that ranks second among the top ten causes of death in the world? Today, we are going to give you a list of common Questions that many people have about Heart Disease, so let’s start by understanding it!
Common Heart Disease Questions
1. Is there always a sign of Heart Disease?
This is not necessarily the case.
There are actually many signs before a heart attack, including
Angina (feeling of heavy pressure on the chest) palpitations; chest pain; dizziness; difficulty breathing, shortness of breath; fatigue; swelling of the lower extremities; irregular heart rhythm; pain in the neck, jaw, arms, back or abdomen.
But not all patients with heart disease will experience all of these symptoms. One thing to note is that in female heart patients, many will rarely present with typical signs of heart disease or myocardial infarction.
This is related to the fact that previous studies have mainly been conducted in men, and the atypical symptoms in female patients are not angina pectoris, but rather metastatic pain, such as jaw or arm pain or inexplicable physical fatigue presenting. Therefore, regular annual heart checkups after the age of 40 or even 35 is an important way to know if you are threatened by heart disease.
2. What is the best way to check if you have Heart Disease?
There are many ways to check for heart disease, including electrocardiogram, exercise electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, CT, cardiac MRI, myocardial perfusion imaging, computed tomography angiography and cardiac catheterization and so on.
Generally speaking, the first use of blood tests, electrocardiograms, exercise ECG, etc., first look at the situation of the patient’s heart, found to have abnormalities, and according to the abnormal problems, further use of targeted ways to check.
3. Is having high blood pressure equal to having Deart Disease? What is considered Hypertension?
Having high blood pressure does not necessarily lead to heart disease, but having high blood pressure raises the risk of heart disease. Therefore, having high blood pressure should not be ignored because there are no symptoms, it is a chronic disease with a long course and the accumulation of the disease will eventually lead to serious consequences.
Blood pressure is calculated in millimeters of mercury, and the standard for hypertension in China is considered to be 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mmHg), although it is generally considered that a systolic blood pressure between 120-139 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure between 80-89 mmHg is pre-hypertension, at which point you should begin to improve your habits and diet to reduce the risk of heart disease and other complications.
Once the criteria for hypertension are met and improvement through diet, life and exercise is not effective, it is important to consult your doctor about whether to proceed with medication.
4. It is easy to know you have high blood pressure
This varies from person to person, but most people do not know if they have high blood pressure in the first place because the symptoms of high blood pressure are actually very inconspicuous. A few people may feel headache, dizziness, nosebleed, wrinkled and tight neck, difficulty or shortness of breath, but most people have no abnormalities.
The easiest way to find out if you have high blood pressure is to take your blood pressure.
It is recommended that you develop the habit of measuring your blood pressure regularly to know if you have hypertension.
5. I have smoked for a long time, can I reduce the risk of heart disease by quitting now? Is it too late?
The answer is yes, regardless of how long you have been smoking and how many packs you smoke each day, you can reduce your chances of developing heart disease in the future by quitting smoking, and according to relevant information, if you quit smoking for one year, your chances of developing coronary heart disease can be reduced by 50%. So, quit smoking from now on!
6. You are still young and don’t need to worry about Heart Disease
This is a misconception. It is true that the proportion of young people suffering from heart disease is much lower than that of middle-aged and elderly people, but it does not mean that we can not pay attention to it.
In addition, current research suggests that the proportion of young people suffering from hypertension is increasing year by year, while most young people are unaware of their illness and are not vigilant, which may inadvertently lead to the possibility that they may already have the disease without realizing it.
In addition, even if you do not have heart problems when you are young, but bad habits and unhealthy diet, as well as the fatty plaque will gradually accumulate, resulting in atherosclerosis, which may suddenly cause coronary heart disease, stroke, myocardial infarction and other problems after middle age, so the protection of heart health should be done early.
7. Family history of heart disease will definitely get Heart Disease
This is not necessarily the case.
The reason why people with a family history of heart disease are more prone to the disease is because a family life, often with similar diet and habits, and such diet and habits may be the key factors leading to the disease.
Therefore, people with a family history of heart disease should pay more attention to their lifestyle, eat less low sugar, less salt, use good oil, high fiber food, exercise more, get enough sleep, do not smoke, lose weight, regular health checks, as well as reduce their chances of heart disease.
8. Heart Disease can not often exercise
Exercise helps to eliminate fatty plaque accumulation and improve heart and lung capacity. Of course, too intense exercise can also cause the opposite effect, so it is recommended that heart patients exercise before discussing with their doctors the appropriate way to exercise.
Generally speaking, the more suitable form of exercise is aerobic exercise, such as jogging, brisk walking, cycling. Since everyone’s physical condition is different, it is safer to adopt a gradual approach. If you don’t normally have exercise habits, don’t set yourself a goal to achieve all at once. It is recommended that heart patients exercise 3-4 times a week, each time 30-40 minutes is better.
9. Is myocardial infarction a cardiac arrest? How to prevent blood clots?
Myocardial infarction is not the same as cardiac arrest!
Myocardial infarction is a blockage of the coronary arteries of the heart due to blood clots and other factors, resulting in the inability to circulate blood and the heart being in a state of oxygen deprivation, but at this time the heart is still beating continuously, if the state of myocardial infarction continues, the heart muscle will gradually necrosis due to the lack of oxygen supply, and then cardiac arrest may occur.
The main cause of cardiac arrest is arrhythmia, because severe arrhythmias can cause abnormal electrical signals in the heart, making the heart unable to beat normally and complete the task of pumping blood, and arrhythmia may occur alone.
10. How to prevent blood clots?
Myocardial infarction is caused by blockage of the coronary arteries, which is often the result of thrombosis. The daily risk factors for thrombosis are diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Eating foods high in saturated fatty acids and trans-fatty acids tend to increase the concentration of low-density lipoproteins, making it easy for fatty plaques to accumulate in the blood vessels. When these plaques accumulate more and more, they may rupture due to instability, and then platelets gather and block the blood vessels, causing blood clots.
Sedentary or long time to maintain the same posture of workers, because of poor blood circulation, if also lack of exercise, it is easy to lead to increased risk of venous embolism, so that blood flow back to the heart is blocked, resulting in swelling of the lower extremities.
There is also the possibility of thrombus flaking down the blood circulation back to the lungs leading to pulmonary embolism, in addition to sedentary will also increase the chances of coronary artery disease.
In order to prevent blood clots, drinking more water, choosing a healthy diet such as the Mediterranean diet and the Dashu diet, and reducing sedentary time and standing up every once in a while at work can reduce the chance of blood clots.
Take care of your heart! 6 Keys to Keep Your Heart Healthy in Daily Life
We have learned about heart disease and answered the questions above, so how can we start to improve heart health in our daily lives? There are six keys to start with.
1. Pay attention to people at risk
There are many factors that can increase the risk of heart disease, such as men having less HDL than women, menopausal women having lower estrogen levels, and having a higher chance of atherosclerosis, all of which can increase their chances of developing the disease.
Generally speaking, people who are at high risk for heart disease are those who:
- Patients with type 2 diabetes
- People with obesity
- People with familial hypercholesterolemia
- Chronic smokers
- People who drink too much alcohol and alcoholism for a long time
- People who lack exercise
- People with high saturated fat and trans fat diet
By paying attention to these characteristics, you will be able to know if you are in the high-risk group for heart disease and where to take care of your heart. And of course, don’t forget regular heart health checkups to watch for abnormalities in cholesterol, blood sugar and other indices that can help us find out early if we have heart or cardiovascular problems.
2. A Heart-Healthy Diet
A healthy diet also means that you can get balanced nutrition, which plays a pivotal role in the normal functioning of the body’s immune system and functions.
To prevent heart disease, reducing the intake of saturated fats and trans fats is the key to reducing the concentration of low-density lipoprotein, which is significantly related to heart disease, because with less LDL in the body, the risk of fatty plaque buildup, which causes atherosclerosis, will be reduced.
There are many diets suitable for heart health, such as the Mediterranean diet and the Deshu diet, which are diets that help heart health. The principles are low salt, low sugar, using good oils, choosing non-refined carbohydrates, and in terms of meat selection, these diets tend to choose fish and poultry instead of red meat such as beef, all of which help prevent cardiovascular disease.
3. Exercise to keep the Heart Strong
The regular, uninterrupted beating of the heart is necessary to sustain life, and the human body cannot do without exercise as well.
What are the benefits of exercise?
First, it can burn calories to help people maintain a healthy weight and avoid obesity.
Second, exercise can help you maintain or improve muscle strength, can slow down because of aging, muscle loss with age. Not only that, exercise can also promote endorphin secretion, which helps mood.
Just how much exercise is enough?
It is recommended that at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise per week, such as jogging, cycling, dancing or walking. In addition, at least two days a week for strength training to enhance muscle endurance.
Many people usually do not have exercise habits, resulting in the feeling that they can not complete their exercise goals, in fact, everything is difficult at the beginning, no exercise habits, you can start to reduce the difficulty, starting with 15 minutes of exercise every day, gradually increase, so that they develop a habit to last for a period of time can be. In addition, you can also find a partner who also wants to exercise, two people to support each other, supervision, encouragement, can also help themselves to persist.
4. Quit smoking to protect cardiovascular Health
Cigarettes on the human body harm we all know, but some people still think they smoke for a long time and will not have any health problems, in fact, lung cancer, oral cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other diseases are related to smoking, smoking will increase the chances of disease patients, there is no need to bet their luck on smoking this unhealthy habit.
5. Reduce the intake of sugary drinks and alcohol
Many people like to drink sugary drinks, and even feel uncomfortable if they do not have a drink every day, which can be said to be addicted to sugar. Although, the body’s energy source is sugar, but delicate sugar for the body is no benefit of sugar. People who drink sugary drinks regularly not only tend to become fat, increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease, but are also more prone to problems such as tooth decay than the average person.
So how do you quit sugary drinks, especially if you are already somewhat addicted to them?
- If you simply do not like the taste of water, you can consider putting some lemon slices and other natural flavorings inside the water, so that the water will not be so monotonous to drink.
- Choose to drink fresh milk, unsweetened soy milk, tea or unsweetened coffee, etc.
- Develop the habit of drinking more water, do not let yourself often in a state of thirst, can reduce the desire to drink.
- Has become addicted, you can gradually quit, first from drinking every day to three days to drink once, drink drinks, you can let the businessman to cut the sugar in half and so on.
In the intake of alcohol, the country is more lack of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, the lack of this enzyme for alcohol metabolism has certain obstacles, if coupled with excessive drinking, will allow acetaldehyde to cause damage to the heart muscle, may cause alcoholic cardiomyopathy. In addition, long-term alcohol consumption can also lead to a risk of increased blood pressure and increased triglycerides.
It is recommended that no more than one can of beer per day be consumed by men and no more than half a can of beer by women.
6. According to medical advice medication
If you have a chronic illness or heart disease and are already taking medication, such as blood pressure medication, lipid-lowering medication, or diabetes medication, please follow your doctor’s instructions.
Do not stop the medicine because you think your symptoms have improved and you feel more comfortable. This may not only fail to achieve the desired therapeutic effect, but may even cause more serious side effects and aggravate your condition.